Write an analytical or argumentative essay on a topic of your own choosing focusing narrowly on any one or more of our readings from these works: The Faerie Queene, Othello , Henry V, and Paradise Lost. Your paper must meet each of the following requirements. Read each of these requirements carefully, more than once.
- 4-6 pages in length, 1250 words minimum, 1800 words maximum (in the body of the essay, excluding headers, name, date, title, works cited entries, etc.).
- Formatted carefully and correctly, following MLA guidelines as outlined on my "simple stuff" web page. Papers with errors in formatting ("SS problems") will automatically receive a grade of F and receive 10 points out of the total 200 (an F 10/200, that is).
- A minimum of six quotations from the work or works you examine is required: six is an absolute minimum—you may certainly offer more than six to illustrate or substantiate your primary claims thoroughly and effectively.
- You must incorporate some research into this paper, offering quotations from at least two secondary sources of legitimate scholarly criticism or commentary on the work(s) you examine: this means you need at least one quote from two different sources. ("Legitimate" means truly scholarly sources, so items from the popular press, reviews of performances, encyclopedias, and study aids such as Cliff's Notes, SparkNotes, Master Plots, etc., are not acceptable.) You should most emphatically not consult any open-access world wide web pages outside of our course materials while preparing your paper. For access to many scholarly articles and other materials in full-text electronic form, see the MGA Library website.
- All quotations and other source material are to be documented according to MLA guidelines as outlined on my "quotations" page, including the MLA conventions for citing verse (Q4). A works cited page is mandatory.
Note that you must submit the final draft in both hard copy (printed on paper) and digital form via the D2L dropbox for this assignment.
- As with paper 1 and as indicated on our schedule, you are to turn in a paper proposal in the form of a topic sentence outline beginning with the question your essay will strive to answer, followed by each body paragraph's complete topic sentence as it will appear in the essay itself, and ending with a thesis statement that a) answers the question you are addressing, and b) ties together the primary points in your topic sentences. The question you raise for this outline should be a literal question—an interrogative sentence ending in a question mark, not merely a statement of what your topic is. You may submit your topic sentence outline early in the body of an email message—that is, it’s not necessary to send the outline as an attachment. For full explanation of a topic sentence outline, including examples, see the paper proposal assignment page.
The real challenge here will be to arrive at a viable topic, one worthy of exploration in a 2000-level course. See especially the first item below (excerpted from "grades and grading criteria" handout for this class. I have been of two minds on whether I should assign specific options for you to write on in this paper, but I think it's an important element of any literature class beyond the freshman level that you learn to explore and establish angles of critical analysis in formal papers on your own. I know that assigning an open topic is also problematic because it permits far more opportunities for wholesale plagiarism—I would strenuously advise you to recall the definition of plagiarism we covered earlier in the semester.
Feel free to take any matters from our discussions or critical response writings as a starting point for greater development in this paper. I also urge you to consider points of connection or comparison between different works we've read this semester. In fact, if you want to compare one of the works assigned for this paper with one from earlier in the semester, this would be fine by me. Some obvious points of connection may occur to you if you consider the genres we've read.
Okay . . . here are some brief possible ideas for those who would prefer a little prompting. . . .
- The continuing relevance of The Faerie Queene.
- The use of allegory in The Faerie Queene.
- Examination of Shakespeare's presentation of evil in Iago.
- Shakespeare's commentary on the nature of jealousy in Othello.
- Shakespeare's commentary on illusion and reality in Othello.
- Shakespeare's portrayal of women in Othello.
- Shakespeare's presentation of history in Henry V: compare/contrast with his sources or with what we know today of the history in this play.
- The relevance of one or both Shakespeare plays to audiences today.
- Shakespeare's commentary on or depiction of warfare.
- Shakespeare's commentary on effective leadership.
- The conflict between "man" and "ruler" in Henry V: the difficulty of being both man and king.
- The king's power of rhetoric (persuasion) in Henry V.
- Comparison of the text of the Henry V and its film adaptation by Kenneth Branagh: the significance of the differences between play and film.
- The nature of evil as Milton portrays it in Paradise Lost.
- Comparison of Milton's version of hell, Satan, and Eden with the bible's.
- Satan as a heroic character in Paradise Lost? His heroic qualities?
- Evaluation of Milton's relative success in "justifying the ways of God to men."
- Evaluation of Milton's Satan as an effective leader (could be combined with Henry V).
I encourage you to seek my help with your paper outside of class. If my office hours don't mesh with your schedule, let me know, and we'll make arrangements for other times.
Matters of course: the bedrock basics (from chipspage.com, "grades and grading criteria").
In order to receive a passing grade:
Note: Feel free to contact me by email for help. If you would like to meet face to face but my office hours don't mesh with your schedule, let me know, and we'll make other arrangements.
- An essay must first and foremost address a viable topic, meaning that if you are given a specific assignment for the essay, your paper must address the assigned topic squarely, directly, and fully. In the absence of a specific assigned topic, the essay must set up and address a topic genuinely worthy of exploration at the college level. We will deal with this issue later in the semester, but here's one quick illustration: a beautifully written paper proving that Hester Prynne is treated harshly in The Scarlet Letter for her sin of adultery would receive a quick F because the point is too obvious to need elaboration: any reader of the novel would know that Hester is treated harshly simply from reading the book. Your essays should develop a thesis that will enlighten your readers: you should present and develop significant argument or analysis that goes beyond simply stating the obvious.
- Secondly, every essay should meet all specified assignment requirements. For instance, if an assignment stipulates that you must incorporate a personal anecdote from your own life and you do not include one, your essay has no chance of passing however brilliant it may be in other respects. Or if you are asked to incorporate quotations from four sources and you cite only two? No chance to pass.
- An essay must be adequately developed in order to receive a passing grade. At the very least, all essays must exceed the minimum word count—in the text of the essay itself, excluding the title, header, works cited page, etc. If you are asked to write an essay of 500-750 words, 498 words will get you an automatic F. Be advised that the word minimum means absolute minimum in this class.
- Offer concrete evidence (i.e. quotations) to support every one of your major assertions.
- Make every body ¶'s topic sentence answer the paper proposal question directly.
- Avoid plot summary: see nugget 1; introduce all quotes: see nugget 3.
- Sweat the details: see the "Golden Rules," "Nuggets," "Simple Stuff," and "Quotations" pages and proofread carefully.
- Email me if you have questions or problems.
Use the Writing Center! I encourage you to see tutors for help with your papers in the Writing Center. We have well-qualified tutors who can give you plenty of one-on-one attention with any aspect of the writing process. Be sure to take a copy of this assignment with you to any tutoring session, or show your tutor this assignment page on the web.
Extra credit of half a letter grade will be added to the paper grade of any students who a) get tutoring help with the paper at the Writing Center or SSC, and b) have the tutor who works you email me to let me know what he or she helped you with.